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2018届百校联盟TOP20四月联考(全国Ⅰ卷)英语试题及答案

时间:2018-04-28来源:网络  江苏高考

2018届百校联盟TOP20四月联考(全国Ⅰ卷)英语试题及答案2018届百校联盟TOP20四月联考(全国Ⅰ卷)

英语试题

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What is the distance between the hotel and the Temple?

A. 14 kilometers. B. 40 kilometers. C. 14 miles.

2. Why does the woman look happy?

A. She has met the new manager.

B. She has become the new manager.

C. She has been praised by the manager.

3. When will the speakers leave for the party?

A. 6: 40. B. 6:30. C. 7:00.

4. Why will the woman be homesick?

A. The camp is too long.

B. The camp is too hard for her.

C. She can’t contact her family.

5. Where may the dialogue take place?

A. In a drinks shop. B. In a restaurant. C. In a supermarket.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6. Why does the woman need help?

A. She can’t wash her clothes herself.

B. She is far away from 4th Avenue.

C. She has no time to get her dry-cleaning.

7. What will the man do next?

A. Pick up the dry-cleaning. B. Go to 5th Avenue. C. Write a receipt.

听第段材料,回答第89题。

8. What are the speakers preparing to do?

A. Go to school. B. Go to work. C. Go to see the boss.

9. How will the speakers go?

A. By bus. B. On foot. C. By car

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10. Where might the speakers be?

A. In a coffee house. B. At the man’s home. C. At the woman’s home.

11. When did the man decide to make his own coffee?

A. After buying a coffee maker.

B. After running out of instant coffee.

C. After drinking real coffee in a coffee house.

12. How would the woman like her coffee?

A. Black B. White. C. Weak

听第9段材料,答第1316题。

13. What was the reason for the woman’s not sleeping well?

A. Her dog barked all night. B. She was too tired. C. Her dog looked like a wolf.

14. Which of the following say “Buzz”?

A. Birds. B. Dogs. C. Bees.

15. How does a bird make sounds in English?

A. Jiji. B. Tweet. C. Weng.

16. What are the speakers talking about?

A. Different animals in England and China.

B. Different pronunciations in English and Chinese.

C. Different animal sounds in English and Chinese.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. For what did the speaker go to Hong Kong?

A. Holiday. B. Business. C. Study.

18. What was the speaker probably doing at 3:00 am?

A. Drinking in the bar. B. Watching TV. C. Sleeping.

19. How did the speaker get to the airport at last?

A. By bus. B. By taxi. C. On foot.

20. How long did the speaker wait at the airport?

A. 5 hours. B. 6 hours. C. 7 hours.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

Day 1 Arrival

Upon arrival in Kunming, your Kunming tour guide will wait for you at the airport and help you to transfer to the hotel.

Day 2 Kunming

[09 : 00 -- 09 : 30]

Our guide will meet you up at the hotel lobby and visit the Spring City.

[09 : 30 -- 11 : 30]

Enjoy morning leisure tour to Green lake which is peaceful and a public park for local people. You will see musicians singing and playing and you can also take a paddle boat out and relax on the lake. After that, go directly to Flower and Bird Market, which is the biggest and most exciting market in Kunming where antiques, jewelry, and other handmade crafts can be found. This is a perfect place for entertainment and observing local lifestyle.

[11 : 30 -- 14 : 00]

Enjoy local special food, Yunnan Rice Noodles. And drive to Stone Forest.

[14 : 00 -- 16 : 00]

Visit the Stone Forest which is known as the First Wonder of the World and for typical

karst landform. The magnificent, strange and steep landscape of the Stone Forest crates countless labyrinthine vistas, all of which feature stones in various formations. Animals, plants, and even human figures can be found here.

[16 : 00 -- 18 : 00]

Drive back to Kunming city. For evening activity, we highly recommend the Yunnan

Impression Show Dynamic Yunnan as an option.

Day 3 Kunming Dali (by air)

[14 : 30 -- 16 : 30]

In the afternoon, enjoy leisure tour to Three Pagodas. The elegant, balanced and stately style is unique in China’s ancient Buddhist architectures, which makes it a must-see in the our of Dali. Hiking to the top is highly recommended where you can get full view of Dali old town and Erhai Lake. The Reflection Park is also a nice place to capture the classical photo with three Pagodas’ reflection.

[16 : 30 -- 17 : 30]

Back to the hotel and enjoy your free time at Dali Ancient Town. Unlike any other Chinese town, the traditional Bai ethnic folk houses give the town a distinctive feeling.

21. What might the tourists be doing at 11 : 00 on the second day?

A. Preparing for lunch. B. Relaxing in the hotel.

C. Going to the Stone Forest. D. Visiting the Flower and Bird Market.

22. What are the tourists recommended to do for evening activities in Kunming?

A. To watch Dynamic Yunnan. B. To enjoy the local food.

C. To buy handmade crafts. D. To wander about in the city.

23. Why are tourists recommended to hike to the top while visiting Dali?

A. Because it takes little effort to hike to the top.

B. Because they can get full view of the old town.

C. Because it is the only site to enjoy the scenery.

D. Because they can take pictures of the three pagodas.

B

When I was about 5 years old, I experienced my very first random act of kindness. I was sitting at the roadside one evening, crying alone for some reason when suddenly, a boy came up to me and gave me a plastic rose, I remember the moment when I took the rose from his hand; I was smiling from ear to ear, whispering “I want to be like him” to myself as I watched him walking away.

From then on, I made it as my life mission to do random acts of kindness whenever I can. I was very determined to make other people smile. That was the only reason why I joined my school’s Red Crescent Society and became a volunteer. Unfortunately, not everyone thinks in the same way as I did. Whenever I do something nice to others, people around me will start to judge my actions. Often I will just keep quiet and ignore what they say, but every once in a while, they do drive me up the wall.

These people like to complain about how humans nowadays are lacking of humanities and compassion. However, when they actually see somebody doing a good deed in front of them, they start to question and criticize that person’s honesty. Perhaps it is the increasing crime rate and the never-ending rat race that caused them to be so suspicious to nice strangers. In other words, people nowadays have lost sight of the real meaning of kindness and just let it go unnoticed. That is why I think random acts of kindness are really important. These selfless acts are not only capable of bringing joy to the recipients but also to the givers. Because of this, I want to help spread the idea of these random acts to the whale world. I want to show the people how the little things they give could make a big difference in someone else’s life.

24. What was the influence of the boy’s rose on the author?

A. It made the author feel ashamed. B. The author decided to follow suit.

C. The author said a lot to the boy. D. It gave the author strength and hope.

25. Why did the author join the school’s Red Crescent Society?

A. To be a volunteer. B. To live a happy life.

C. To make others smile. D. To have a good time.

26. Which can replace the underlined phrase in paragraph 2?

A. Make me very angry. B. Bring difficulty to me.

C. Force me to climb the wall. D. Force me to the dead corner.

27. What can be inferred from the third paragraph?

A. Rats are always running on the streets. B. Those who do good deeds are respected.

C. The author feels sad about other people. D. Trust between people is decreasing.

C

Corporate culture is the values and beliefs a company develops over time. The role of corporate culture is to improve a company’s mission and strategies, with long-term hopes of improvements in a company’s profit. Mostly corporate culture comes from a company’s top management.

One role of corporate culture is to influence employee behavior, honesty, and compliance(服从). A company does not have to necessarily create a direct influence for these actions. A direct influence may be a set of written regulations or other policies, and while these may be in place, the corporate culture is usually more of an indirect influence.

While many companies try to create corporate culture through the use of written policies, its role is harder to define. The human factor has an influence on how corporate culture is expressed. The way upper management acts and reacts to various situations defines how lower-level employees will act, and this aspect may be more important than any written policy.

A companys corporate culture can also extend beyond the walls of the business. Consumers who believe a company to be honest and forthright(直率)may be more loyal in their buying behavior. Employees in a company’s customer service department can also exhibit positive corporate culture to outside individuals. In this case, the culture creates a link between the company’s employees and its customers. How customers react may be a direct result from the company’s corporate culture.

Product quality can also be influenced by a company’s corporate culture. Companies that focus only on profits may decide to avoid high-quality materials in products, but try to suggest that the products are of higher quality than they really are. This negative culture can then result in lower brand loyalty with consumers.

28. What do we know about corporate culture from this passage?

A. It is a set of rules and regulations. B. It is the way the employees act.

C. It is the values and beliefs of a company. D. It is the long term hope of a company.

29. Which of the following is more efficient in creating corporate culture?

A. Making a set of rules and regulations. B. Setting an example for the employees.

C. Learning the corporate culture regularly. D. Encouraging the employees to work harder.

30. What can we infer from the fourth paragraph?

A. The customer is always right. B. Corporate culture has different functions.

C. Without corporate culture, a company will die. D. Positive corporate culture can promote sales.

31. Which word can describe the companies mentioned in the last paragraph?

A. Creative. B. Efficient. C. Dishonest. D. Disloyal.

D

Feelings often run high where insects are concerned, with many people even sick when seeing them, let alone touch or swallow them. And yet insects present a huge nutritional opportunity as an increasing global population seeks more sources of food and feed.

Insects have generally high levels of animal protein and key micronutrients with lower environmental footprints than traditional alternatives, and they can be raised on leftovers. But cultural, social and economic problems remain, reports an article published today in Nutrition Bulletin.

“Insects present a nutritional opportunity, but it is unclear how their nutritional quality is influenced by what they are fed,” says Darja Dobermann, a researcher at the University of Nottingham. “In ideal conditions, insects have a smaller environmental impact than most traditional western forms of animal protein; less known is how to raise insect production while maintaining these environmental benefits.

“Studies overall show that insects could make valuable economic and nutritional contributions to the food or feed systems, but there are no clear regulations in place to bring insects into such supply systems without them turning into a more expensive version of poultry(家禽)for food, says Dobermann.

The article highlights how insects have been a source of food for hundreds of years in more than 100 countries with over 2,000 species that can be eaten; in central Africa, up to 50% of dietary protein has come from insects, with their market value higher than many alternative sources of animal protein.

Insects need to be large enough to make the effort of catching them worthwhile and easy to locate, preferably in predictably large quantities. They are consumed at various life stages, as raw, fried, boiled, roasted or ground food.

32. Which of the following is the advantage of raising insects for food?

A. It will offer people work opportunities. B. It is environmentally friendly.

C. It will replace traditional food. D. It will result in less leftovers

33. What can be inferred from Dobermann’s words?

A. Raising insects for food has become popular.

B. Raising insects can’t solve food problems.

C. More should be done to raise insects for food.

D. More money can be made by raising insects.

34. What does the underlined word in paragraph 4 stand for?

A. Insects. B. Regulations.

C. Feed systems. D. Supply systems.

35. Which is the possible title of this passage?

A. How to Raise Insects B. Raising Insects for Money

C. Insects Seem No Longer Ugly D. A New Source of Food

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Helpful Swimming Tips for Dogs

Introduce your dog to the water.

Slowly and patiently bring your dog closer to the water, kneel down next to your dog and play in the water with your hands. If your dog observes that you are not afraid of it, it will calm itself. Then slowly bring your dog to the stairs leading into the pool. Add a few fun pool toys or their favorite toys to the pool.    36   

Use a life vest.

When your dog is just getting used to the water and learning how to swim, use a life vest.    37    Remember all dogs are not swimmers; some need to be taught. You can purchase a life vest specifically created for dogs at your local pet supply store, online, or wherever dog supplies are sold.

   38   

Dogs have a habit of tasting things all around them.    39    Pool water is full of chlorineand other chemicals that keep pool water clean and free of harmful bacteria. Although the water is safe to swim in, it’s not recommended for drinking. Watch your dog and stop them from drinking the pool water.

Allow your dog to swim.

Once your dog is accustomed to the water, allow it to swim for short 20-second intervals. First, lowly guide it into the pool by holding it gently. Then release your hands just a little bit and its natural instinct will make it start dog paddling.    40    Once your dog gets used to swimming, it will happily swim for longer intervals at a time.

A. Don’t let your dog drink pool water.

B. It will give them a sense of security.

C. Stop your dog from fearing the water.

D. But they don’t know what’s healthy for them and what’s not.

E. Play with your dog in the water for a while and they will like water.

F. It shows your dog that swimming is meant for fun and playtime.

G. Allow this to happen for twenty seconds and then return them on the pool steps.

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Nowadays, we have come dangerously close to accepting the homeless situation as a problem that we just cant solve. So in order to raise    41    for the homeless situation, we    42    a kind of “street theatre last week.

The project took to the streets where about thirty of us    43    our duty as citizens. The evening was filled with heart-aching,    44    music performed by some of us, which    45    a sad environment. Some of the others played the role of   46    people and the rest built a “human wall” where everyone had cardboards with pictures and quotes   47    from their necks.

All of this    48   ·passers-by, making them enveloped by the surrounding    49    and forcing them to reflect on this social injustice.

The response of the “public” went beyond our    50   . Many people    51    us to comment that they were touched by our    52    act. What was more, and what    53    moved us, were two people who shared their life stories with us. One of them was a (n)    54    who had moved from country to country    55    finding a better life and a job that would last for more than a week.    56   , she settled in this city, where though she felt at home, she was    57    for the last three years. So she was in extreme    58   . The emotion was running so high that she couldn’t control the    59   , finally letting herself be    60    by the warm embrace of a student, a human, an equal in all senses of the word.

41. A. money B. awareness C. children D. problem

42. A. organized B. built C. bought D. decorated

43. A. remembered B. treated C. performed D. learned

44. A. eye-catching B. heart-warming C. peace-loving D. soul-touching

45. A. created B. protected C. broke D. changed

46. A. rich B. homeless C. passing D. famous

47. A. dropping B. breaking C. coming D. hanging

48. A. pleased B. surprised C. attracted D. frightened

49. A. music B. environment C. people D. pictures

50. A. expectation B. understanding C. power D. control

5l. A. approached B. left C. watched D. encouraged

52. A. wonderful B. clumsy C. simple D. selfless

53. A. hardly B. nearly C. really D. partly

54. A. beggar B. woman C. volunteer D. actor

55. A. in honor of B. in case of C. in the hope of D. in need of

56. A. Eventually B. Generally C. Slowly D. Lastly

57. A. respected B. unaccepted C. unemployed D. abused

58. A. relief B. pain C. poverty D. anger

59. A. speed B. tears C. story D. results

60. A. comforted B. hugged C. trusted D. taken

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Ever wonder why you long for sugar    61    the sight of your favorite candy wrapper? Have you ever been in the situation    62    you are eager for sugar even when you aren’t    63    (hunger)? If you’ve ever wondered why you long for sugar, the answer is simple; sugar is addictive. And sugar addiction is more common than you would think.

Sugar addiction is one of the most common    64    (type) of food addictionit is so hidden that, often, we don’t even know it is there. So far, many studies    65    (show) that sugar is one of the most tasty and addictive foods and, with this knowledge, food manufacturers often use large amounts of it in foods we don’t even consider    66    (be) sweet.

There are several ways in which sugar is addictive. According to research    67    (perform) by David A. Kessler, former Commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, sugar shares several characteristics with addictive drugs. In addition to being    68    (high) tasty, sugar has a high “hedonic value”,    69    (mean) you experience pleasure when you eat it. It also means that    70    more you do it, the more you want to do it.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分,

I am Li Hua. Learn that you are looking for a part-time guide during the summer vacation, I think I’m suitable for it. Ever since middle school, I had been dreaming of working as a guide. Beside, I am quite familiar with places of interest in my city and famous food as well as. Since I always pay special attention to practicing my speaking English, I can express myself in English free. What’s more, communicating is only the piece of cake for me, that makes it easy for me to make friends with others. I am really proud of my city but desire to show visitors around. I would appreciate if you could give me a chance.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你所在的城镇正在大力发展文化旅游。为了吸引外国游客,请你给英国笔友Harvey写封信,介绍你所在的城镇,并邀请他来旅游。

概况

位于中国北部,距离北京200公里

景色特点

1. 拥有许多古建筑、寺庙、古塔(pagoda)

2. 寺庙里的建筑风格独特,多为全国孤例,壁画(mural)精美

注意:  l. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

百校联盟2018届TOP20四月联考(全国Ⅰ卷)

英语试题答案

1-10 ABBCA 5-10 CABAB 11-15 CAACB 16-20 CABAC

21-25 DABBC 26-30 ADCBD 31-35 CBCAD 36-40 FBADG 41-45 BACDA

46-50 BDCBA 51-55 ADCBC 56-60 ACCBA 61. at 62. where 63. hungry

64. types 65. have shown 66. to be 67. performed 68. highly 69. meaning 70. the

短文改错

I am Li Hua. Learn that you are looking for a part-time guide during the summer vacation, I think I’m suitable

                   Learning

for it. Ever since middle school, I had been dreaming of working as a guide. Beside, I am quite familiar with places

                                                     have                                                            Besides

of interest in my city and famous food as well as. Since I always pay special attention to practicing my speaking 

                                    删除as                                                                                spoken

English, I can express myself in English free. What’s more, communicating is only the piece of cake for me,

                                                                freely                                                              a

that makes it easy for me to make friends with others. I am really proud of my city but desire to show visitors

which                                                                                                                              and

around. I would appreciate ˄ if you could give me a chance.

                      it

作文

One possible version:

Dear Harvey,

I am writing to tell you something about my hometown, which is now making every effort to develop its tourism.

Located in the north of China, only 200 kilometers south of Beijing, my hometown is famous for its long history and brilliant culture. There are many ancient residential buildings dating back to the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Several temples and pagodas are more than 1,000 years old. Some pagodas and Buddha halls were specially built and you can not see this kind of buildings in other parts of China. The murals in the temples are fine and beautiful. In short, my hometown is well worth a visit.

I sincerely invite you to my hometown if it is convenient.

Yours,

Li Hua

 

浙江海洋大学
浙江海洋大学